Inverted Nipple Correction
A nipple is said to be inverted if it is retracted into the breast, instead of pointing outwards. Around 10% of women are born with inverted nipples. There are many possible causes of inverted nipples; one of the most common causes is the short connective tissue that attaches to the nipple. Trauma and breast sagging are other possible causes. (If nipples invert over a short period of time, medical advice should be sought to rule out the presence of other medical conditions.) The degree of inversion is categorised into three groups (1: mild, 2: moderate, 3: severe), depending on how easy it is to protract (pull out) the nipple, the degree of fibrotic scarring present, and extent of damage to the milk duct.
Most women with inverted nipples are able to breastfeed without much complication. Some women find that breastfeeding helps to protract their nipples, either permanently or temporarily.
While a few non-surgical methods to correct inverted nipples exist, their long-term effectiveness is uncertain. Women with moderate to severe nipple inversion may opt for a surgical correction known as nipple eversion. This is a simple procedure that involves the releasing of the short connective tissue and ducts restricting the nipple. It is a short day-procedure and patients usually return home on the day of their surgery.